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    Robert HORSLEY

    Male 1587 -


    Personal Information    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

    • Name Robert HORSLEY 
      Born 1587  Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
      Gender Male 
      Person ID I92  Horsley
      Last Modified 29 Dec 2006 

      Father Lancelot HORSLEY,   d. Feb 1616, Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location 
      Mother Isabell DARNELL 
      Married 23 Nov 1573  Lanchester, Co. Durham Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4
      Family ID F19  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

      Family Agnes 
      Married 3 Nov 1609  Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6
      Children 
       1. Isable HORSLEY,   b. 1610, Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location
       2. George HORSLEY,   b. 1612, Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1636, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 24 years)
       3. Thomas HORSLEY,   b. 1615, Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location
       4. Robert HORSLEY,   b. 1620, Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1625, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 5 years)
       5. Richard HORSLEY,   d. 1634, Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location
       6. son HORSLEY,   d. 1635, Hartlepool, Co Durham Find all individuals with events at this location
       7. son HORSLEY,   b. Yes, date unknown,   d. 1635, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location
       8. Mary HORSLEY,   b. 1624, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location
       9. Rosamond HORSLEY,   b. 1626, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location
       10. Matthew HORSLEY,   b. 1629, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location
       11. Ann HORSLEY,   b. 1632, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location
       12. Lancelot HORSLEY,   b. 1633
       13. Isabel HORSLEY,   b. 1635, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location
       14. Eleanor HORSLEY,   b. 1637, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1638, Sunderland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 1 years)
      Last Modified 5 Apr 2008 
      Family ID F20  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    • Notes 
      • 3rd Oct 1601 Robert paid two shillings and sixpence for 'fredome' of the town. 1st Sep 1617 he was unfranchised at his own request.
      • EARLY SUNDERLAND

        Sunderland was once asunder-land that is land cut asunder, separated or put to one side. Sunderland is not mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. Nevertheless by 1100 there was a fishing village at Sunderland.

        Sunderland was made a town in 1154 when it was granted a charter. (A document granting the townspeople certain rights such as the right to hold a weekly market). Sunderland slowly grew. However it only had a population of a few hundred in the Middle Ages. It would seem tiny to us but settlements were very small in those days.

        Sunderland like all other towns in England suffered severely from the Black Death in 1348-49 when perhaps half the population died but it soon recovered.

        By the 14th century salt was being made in Sunderland. Seawater was heated in iron vats until it evaporated leaving behind the salt. Shipbuilding also began in the 14th century.

        However Sunderland was small and unimportant until the 17th century. In 1565 a writer described Sunderland as: 'a fishing town and landing place which has 30 householders and is governed by Robert Bowes and the Bishop of Durham and ships and boats are loaded and unloaded but there are neither ships nor boats (belonging to the town) and only 7 fish cobbles that belong to the town occupying 20 fishermen. This town is in great decay of building and inhabitants'.

        THE GROWTH OF SUNDERLAND

        Sunderland changed after 1589 when Robert Bowes and John Smith started making salt at Sunderland. the salt was made in iron pans at the place later called Panns Bank. They owned their own coal pit at Offerton. They used the poor quality coal for evaporating seawater. The better quality coal was exported to London and East Anglia. Bowes Quay was built for this purpose. Soon Sunderland became famous for exporting coal. It was second to Newcastle, of course, but exports of coal and salt grew rapidly.

        There was also an industry making lime for fertiliser and building in the 17th century. Alum and copperas were made in Sunderland and exported to be used in dyeing. By the end of the 17th century there was also a glass making industry in Sunderland.

        The town grew rapidly. By the mid 17th century Sunderland had a population of around 1,500. By 1700 the population of Sunderland, Monkwearmouth and Bishopwearmouth was about 5,000.

        In 1717 a body of men called the Wear Commissioners was formed. In 1723 they built a pier on the south bank of the Wear. In 1797 another pier was built on the north bank. Wearmouth Bridge was built in 1796.

        In the 18th century the shipbuilding industry in Sunderland boomed. Sunderland also had a flourishing rope making industry. In 1798 for the first time a steam engine was used to power rope making equipment in Sunderland. [7]

    • Sources 
      1. [S7] St. Hilda's Parish Register Hartlepool.
        "9 Oct, Robert ye child of Lancelote Horsoley

      2. [S144] Lanchester PR. Co Durham.

      3. [S43] Lanchester PR. Co Durham.
        23 Nov 1573 Lanclott Horsley and Elizabeth ..r.. married

      4. [S249] Durham Records website.
        Marriages, Lanchester District
        Record Number: 171911.1
        Location: Lanchester
        Church: All Saints
        Religion: Anglican
        23 Nov 1573 Lancelot Horsley married Elizabeth ..r...

      5. [S7] St. Hilda's Parish Register Hartlepool.
        Robte. Horsley and Agnes (no surname recorded)

      6. [S249] Durham Records website.
        Marriages, Hartlepool District - Record Number: 289140.1
        Location: Hartlepool
        Church: St. Hilda's
        Religion: Anglican
        3 Nov 1609 Robt. Horsley married Agnes [blank]

      7. [S249] Durham Records website.